If you farm in Southern Manitoba, you can expect an average of 3 hail days per year. The province's severe thunderstorm season (mid-June to late-August) often includes serious hail storms that can devastate growing crops with golf ball-sized hailstones falling at speeds up to 130km/h.
The Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation began offering hail insurance to Manitoba producers in 1970, and the program has since become a reliable mainstay of Manitoba's crop risk management.
Hail Insurance is entirely funded by producers, with no government monies included in its operation.
Hail Insurance Factsheet
MASC Hail Insurance provides financial assistance to Manitoba producers for losses to crops due to hail, accidental fire, and in some cases, frost (if the insured crop's maturity was delayed by hail).
You first need to sign up for an AgriInsurance contract by March 31 at your local MASC Insurance office. Once approved, you may sign up for Hail Insurance and the Continuous Hail Insurance Option (CHIO) by mail, fax, phone, in person, or through MASC Online Services.
You may sign up for Hail Insurance any time during the crop year before October 21, when coverage terminates (if crop has not already been harvested or destroyed). If you do not enroll in CHIO, you must apply for Hail Insurance annually.
The Continuous Hail Insurance Option (CHIO) does not require you to complete an annual Hail Insurance application. Coverage is provided automatically every year, and as a CHIO participant you qualify for a minimum 2% discount on your Hail Insurance premiums - and a further 5% discount if your premium is paid by July 31. CHIO applications must be received by March 31 of the crop year.
CHIO participants who maintain their CHIO coverage for more than two years will receive an additional 1% discount each year, to a maximum of an additional 5% in the 5th year of continuous participation.
An eligible producer with an MASC AgriInsurance contract may also sign up for Hail Insurance on eligible crops.
Coverage becomes effective at noon the day following:
the application's postmark date;
the receipt of a hand-delivered, faxed, or online application at an MASC Insurance office; or
the date of your phoned-in application.
Applications for Hail Insurance are NOT accepted by voicemail or via an MASC Insurance office dropbox.
Hail Insurance is available to Manitoba producers and crop-share landlords who have an MASC AgriInsurance contract. Insureds may only insure their interest in the crop.
An operator with a 2/3 share selecting $160 coverage may only purchase 2/3 x $160 = $106.67 of coverage per acre. The landlord may insure the remaining 1/3 share at their selected dollar value.
All acres that are insurable under AgriInsurance are eligible for Hail Insurance regardless of the variety or seeding date. Crops grown in bordering provinces or states or on uninsurable land are not eligible for Hail Insurance.
To be eligible for the Continuous Hail Insurance Option, you must insure all eligible crops under AgriInsurance at the 80% coverage level. Vegetable Acreage Loss Insurance must be selected at the highest coverage level for CHIO optional crop selections.
All crops are included in the CHIO selection except the following Optional CHIO Crops, which must be selected individually at the highest dollar coverage offered:
cooking (and other) onions
all organic crops
processing and table potatoes
annual and perennial ryegrass seed
timothy seed (including pedigreed)
tall fescue seed
Reporting for Hail Insurance is quite limited, though as an insured producer, you should be aware of each Hail Insurance and CHIO deadline.
An AgriInsurance contract is required to purchase MASC Hail Insurance. If you are not an AgriInsurance contract holder, you must apply by March 31.
Coverage for Hail insurance begins at noon of the day after the application is received.
CHIO applications must be received by March 31 of the crop year. If CHIO is selected, coverage begins when the crop emerges.
CHIO participants qualify for a 5% discount on their Hail Insurance premiums if paid by July 31.
Hail coverage remains in effect until the crop is harvested, destroyed or October 21, whichever comes first.
Short Date Cancellation
Producers with Hail Insurance may cancel their coverage and receive a refund of a portion or all of their hail premium. This provision allows producers to cancel Hail Insurance for acres that suffer an early season loss due to conditions such as frost or excess moisture that makes the crop non-viable.
Rutabagas, cooking onions, other onions, carrots, broccoli, cabbage, parsnips, peppers, pumpkins, cauliflower and winter squash are insurable at $1000, $1500, or $2000 per acre
Strawberries are insurable at $1000, $2000 or $3000 per acre, but only when the strawberry plants have established and are no longer eligible for Strawberry Establishment Insurance under the AgriInsurance Contract
Potatoes and sweet corn have coverage available of $250, $500, or $750 per acre
All other eligible crops are insurable at $120, $160, or $200 per acre
A producer must select one coverage level for a crop, but may choose to insure only a portion of their acres.
Early Payment Discounts
Insured producers who pay their Hail Insurance premium within 3 days of applying for Hail Insurance receive a 5% premium discount.
Making a Claim
If you have inspected your fields and believe your crop(s) have been damaged by hail or fire, contact your Insurance Agent immediately.
(A nil claim fee may be charged if a claim is filed for an undamaged field)*
An MASC adjustor must inspect all damaged crops before the crops are destroyed or harvested. If a damaged crop is ready to harvest and MASC was contacted, you may then proceed to harvest the crop, provided that representative strips are left for an adjustor to inspect. Representative strips must be at least 10 feet wide, and comprise either:
the full length of the field for each 40 acres or less of damaged crop, or
1/3rd the distance in from the edge of the field and completely around the field.
Hail Insurance provides coverage against damage caused by hail, fire, or frost, as follows:
Producers receive an indemnity payment if hail or fire damages 5% or more of the yield
Producers with an insured crop that experiences frost damage as a result of delayed maturity due to hail may receive an ex gratia payment from MASC for such damage, up to the maximum of their selected hail coverage.
Producers receive a harvesting bonus for crops severely damaged by hail (greater than a 70% loss) or fire to compensate for increased harvest costs. The maximum bonus is 10%.
Example: If a producer's appraised loss is 73%, his or her harvesting bonus is 73% - 70% = 3%. This amount is added to the appraised loss for a total loss of: 73% + 3% = 76%)
You purchase $160 per acre coverage of hail insurance on 150 acres of canola. After a hailstorm, an adjustor inspects the damage and determines that there is a 38% loss in yield.
Hail coverage: $160 / acre Percentage loss: 38% Your indemnity: $160 x 38% x 150 acres = $9,120
You purchased $200 per acre of hail insurance on 80 acres of flax. An adjustor inspects the field and determines that 40 acres has less than 5% damage and the other 40 acres has 11% damage.
Hail coverage: $200 / acre Percentage loss: 40 acres (less than 5%) = no indemnity, 40 acres with 11% damage Your indemnity: $200 x 11% x 40 acres = $880